Carletta Tilousi, lead Plaintiff and Councilwoman for the Havasupai Tribe said, “We are glad to have come to a resolution with ASU, and hope that this experience helps create better awareness, understanding and cooperation between this institution and our people.”
In an interview with the New York Times, Tilousi said, “I’m not against scientific research. I just want it to be done right. They used our blood for all these studies, people got degrees and grants, and they never asked our permission.”
The Arizona Board of Regents in April agreed to give $700,000 to 41 of the tribe’s members, return the blood samples and provide other forms of assistance to the Havasupai. The settlement, legal experts said, was significant because it implied that the rights of research subjects can be violated when they are not fully informed about how their DNA might be used.
Members of the tribe had given DNA samples to university researchers starting in 1990. The researchers said they were interested in gathering genetic clues to the tribe’s crippling rate of diabetes.
Later, Havasupai members learned that their blood samples had been used to study mental illness, theories of the tribe’s geographical origins that contradict their traditional stories, and many other things.
The lead researcher in the studies, Prof. Therese Markow (now at the University of California, San Diego) strongly defended her work and said she had obtained permission from the tribe for her studies.
In resp0nse to the tribe’s litigation against the university, the Board of Regents spent $1.7 million fighting the lawsuits.
In addition to the cash settlement, key elements of the settlement include return of blood samples to the Havasupai Tribe, and collaborations between the university and the Havasupai people in areas such as health, education, economic development, and engineering planning, according to a press release from the Board of Regents.
For example, the Havasupai will collaborate with ASU, the largest public research university in the United States, to seek third party funding to build a new health clinic and a high school. Havasupai Tribal Members will also be eligible for scholarships at ASU, the University of Arizona and Northern Arizona University.
Ernest Calderón, president of the board, said in a statement that “The Board of Regents has long wanted to remedy the wrong that was done. This solution is not simply the end of a dispute but is also the beginning of a partnership between the universities, principally ASU, and the Tribe.”
—Written by George Shirk/Newsdesk. Research by Lemery Reyes/Newsdesk
VIDEO: Havasupai Uranium Mine Protest
Havasupai Tribe and Arizona Board of Regents
Resolve Lawsuit, Announce Future Collaborations
Arizona Board of Regents, April 21, 2010
Indian Tribe Wins Fight to Limit Research of Its DNA
The New York Times, April 21, 2010