March 30, 2010

A grasshopper plague is at hand in U.S.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture says it is likely that Western plains states will be hit by the largest grasshopper infestation in 25 years.

But that’s not all.  Mormon crickets, technically not crickets but shieldbacked, cannibalistic katydids, also are likely to have a banner year, swarming with their grasshopper cousins over roads, fields, fences, barns, hanging laundry and just about anything else they can chomp onto.

The population boom is happening in parts of Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming, according to the USDA. The department reports that normally, there are about eight insects per square yard. Last year’s surveys found 15, and that could hit 60 this summer in peak areas.

Mormon cricket swarm

But that’s not all. The department’s grasshopper abatement budget of $5.6 million is gone—used up by … counting grasshoppers, according to the office of Wyoming Gov. Dave Freudenthal.

In 1985, a similar infestation devoured corn, barley, alfalfa, beets—even fence posts and the paint off the sides of barns, causing hundreds of millions of dollars in damage.

Go Bugeaters!

This is not a particularly weird event, historical records show. Indeed, Nebraskans in the 19th Century often were referred to (by Easterners, in the main) as “Bug-Eaters.”

According to the Nebraska State Historical Society, “This bug-eater business is said to have originated during the potato-bug and grasshopper times. An eastern man came out here to visit his relatives. On his return they asked him, of course, how things were in Nebraska?

“‘It was our worst time, our one year of a double plague,’ so he answered. ‘Oh, everything is gone up there. The grasshoppers have eaten the grain up, the potato-bugs ate the ‘taters all up, and now the inhabitants are eating the bugs to keep alive.’ Some newspaper man heard it and published it as a good joke, and it stuck to us for a good while.”

Others embraced the name. The University of Nebraska’s football team, between 1892 and 1890, was knows officially as the Big-Eaters, and even today one can purchase “Bug-Eater”sports paraphernalia.

(The team, now the Cornhuskers, later adopted the name “Tree Planters,” and when the neighboring University of Iowa dropped “Cornhuskers” for “Hawkeyes,” the Nebraskans snapped up the name.)

Gov. Dave Freudenthal (Wyo.)

Wyoming Gov. Freudenthal, meanwhile, in March wrote a public letter urging county, state and federal officials to join forces to prevent “economic and ecological damage.” The forecast, he said, suggests an infestation “with disastrous implications.”

Grasshopper infestations are cyclical, rising quickly for two to three years, then dropping just as fast when the insects run out of food or a disease spreads through overcrowded swarms. Given last year’s rise, agriculture officials say this summer should be the crest.

The insects also can be a traffic problem, particularly in the case of the Mormon cricket. Cannibals that they are, these crickets attack the cricket in front of them every few seconds and must move constantly forward to avoid attacks from behind. When a large band crosses a road it can cause a safety hazard by causing distracted revulsion on the part of the driver, and by causing the road surface to become slick with their fluids.

VIDEO: A Grasshoppers home invastion (via WDTV-TV Raleigh-Durham, N.C.)

CITATIONS:

Day of the Grasshopper Looms
Wall Street Journal, March 29, 2010

Grasshopper plague expected this summer
The Goat Blog (High Country News), March 29, 2010

Grasshopper Plague Threatens U.S. Farms
Daily Beast, March 29, 2010

Nicknames for Nebraska
Nebraska State Historical Society

1892 Nebraska Bugeaters football team
Wikipedia

Federal News Radio, March 29, 2010

Comments are closed.